Sciencie over time has played a fundamental role in finding the solution and the truth of things with well-documented, experincied and proven theories and studies; all based on evidence, contrary to myths based on unproven hypotheses, to the point of taking paths where the fancinul and even the spiritual predominate.
Ancient western and eastern civilizations had the belief that all natural phenomena were caused by the fury of the gods and even some cultures like the greek had a god for every natural event.
Today sciencie already knows how almost all these phenomenal occur and gives you a scientific explanation of such an event for example: the formation of rays. Today we know that these are electrostatic discharges that occur between a cloud and the surface of the earth, or between two clouds, they occur like this; inside a storm cloud there are ice particles that collide with each other. These shocks cause the electrical charges to separate: The positive ones (protons) remain at the top of the cloud while the negative ones (electron) are formed at the bottom. Since opposites attract each other, all this produces a positive charge that accumulates on the ground just below the cloud. Even today we know all its measures for example: It is estimated that each ray is about 5 kilometers long by only 1 centimeter wide, and discharges between 1,000 and 10,000 million joules of energy with a current of up to 200,000 amperes and 100 million volts. A point for science.
The following example happened in the middle ages we are talking about between 1450 and 1600 when Nicolas Copernicus and his successor Galileo Galilei proposed heliocentric theory, a theory that explains what we know today of our universe where they explain that the sun is the center of the universe and that the planets revolve around it. This generated much conflict at the time as the christian ecclesiastical authorities of the time based on the scriptures of the bible claimed that the earth was the center of the entire universe and that the sun revolved around it.
This led to the authorities taking Galileo to court and forcing him to retract and apologize to the church for such an aberration. ANOTHER point for science because we all know the truth today.