The 10 most frequent cancers of 2019
The 10 most frequent cancers of 2019
Cancer could be a malady analyzed in more than 13 million individuals around the world
that as of now represents the second cause of death in the general population, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
In spite of this, information from the Ponder "Cancer figures in Spain (2010), conducted by the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM), indicate that patient survival has increased continuously in recent years, probably in relation to the advances in the treatment and with the early diagnosis.
"When we talk about cancer, we really talk about more than 200 different types of diseases," says Infocáncer oncologist and the Spanish Association Against Cancer (AECC), Marta Blanco.
1. Colorectal or colon cancer
It is the most common in Spain and one of the most frequent cancers worldwide. However, it is one of the easiest to diagnose making its early detection easier, which translates into high cure rates
This type of cancer can be due to five main causes: advanced age (over 65), high-fat and low-fiber diets, hereditary genetic predisposition, medical history of colon or rectum polyps, ulcerative colitis, breast cancer, uterus or ovaries; and an inappropriate lifestyle.
2. Prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is the most common in the male population with 27,853 new cases per year.
It is usually related to genetic, hormonal, environmental factors (car smoke, pollution, chemicals, etc.) and sexual transmission.
3. Cáncer de pulmón
Lung cancer is responsible for the highest number of cancer deaths worldwide, with 1.59 million deaths.
The appearance of this type of cancer is usually caused by tobacco (main cause), exposure to carcinogens (asbestos, uranium, petroleum products, etc.), genetic predisposition, the use of marijuana, inflammation in the lung, excess or Vitamin A deficiency and air pollution.
4. Breast cancer
It is cancer with the highest incidence and the highest degree of mortality among women. Although more than 99 percent of diagnoses occur in women, breast cancer can also appear in men.
Although the causes are not yet known, several risk factors have been identified, such as being old, family history of breast cancer, reproductive factors (early first period, late menopause, etc.), having suffered from breast cancer with Priority, high breast density, ionizing radiation, obesity, and alcohol consumption.
5. Bladder cancer
Bladder cancer is one of the most frequent being the ninth worldwide and the fifth in Spain.
As possible causes are tobacco (being the main one), exposure to chemical substances (such as metals, dyes or gums) and its relationship with the human papillomavirus.
6. Stomach cancer
Stomach cancer is the sixth most frequent in Spain. Worldwide it has 723,000 deaths per year.
Although the exact causes are unknown, it is known that there are some risk factors such as a diet low in fruits and vegetables, tobacco, having suffered certain diseases and genetics.
7. Kidney Cancer
According to SEOM, in Spain, 3 percent of cancer diagnoses are kidney, constituting a total of more than 4,000 cases a year.
Currently, the specific factors that determine its occurrence are unknown, although several studies identify some risk factors such as sex, tobacco use or certain analgesics, obesity, exposure to cadmium and asbestos and some very rare genetic diseases such as that of Von Hippel-Lindau or tuberous sclerosis.
8. Pancreas cancer
Pancreatic cancer has a fairly high degree of mortality, with more than 4,000 deaths annually in Spain.
Although specific causes are currently unknown, there are some factors that contribute to its appearance: advanced age (usually between 65 and 70 years old), genetics, sex, race, tobacco use, food or diabetes.
9. Linfoma No Hodgkin
Each year 3-10 cases of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma are diagnosed per 100,000 inhabitants and can originate in virtually any part of the body.
Although most of the time there is no clear risk factor, microbes are increasingly implicated as causative agents. Therefore, we can determine as risk factors immunological problems, treatments that affect immunity and transplants, in addition to age.
Leukemia is a blood disease, considered "blood cancer", which, according to data from the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM) of 2014, affects 2.4 percent of the population.
In most cases, a specific cause cannot be established, however, there are a number of risk factors such as having received chemotherapy or radiotherapy, suffering from a genetic disorder (such as Down syndrome), exposure to toxic agents and family background.